Work as Worship: Covocational Planting and Vocation

Work as Worship: Covocational Planting and Vocation

By Brad Brisco

If God is sovereign over all things, then our work in the marketplace is an act of worship, too. Here's how we can see His divine hand at work, even in the midst of the mundane.

In an earlier post, I shared how some covocational leaders can compartmentalize the idea of work. They will often say something like, “I do my secular job to create the margin to do ministry at the church.” This leads us to sometimes value our ministry work over the work we do in the marketplace. However, we need to recognize that there should be no sacred-secular divide when it comes to work. If God reigns over all things (and He does!), then all work can be sacred.

In other words, all work matters.

Work as worship

Another reason all work matters is because of the connection that Scripture makes between work and worship. The language of work in Genesis 2:15 (“The Lord God took the man and placed him in the garden of Eden to work it and watch over it”) is rooted in the Hebrew word avodah, which in English is translated “to cultivate.”

In the Old Testament, the word avodah is translated in several different ways. In some cases, it is rendered as “work,” “service,” or “craftsmanship.” But other times it is translated as “worship.” Avodah is used to describe the hard work of God’s covenant people making bricks as slaves in Egypt (Exodus 1:14), the artists building the tabernacle (Exodus 35:24), and the fine craftsmanship of linen workers (1 Chronicles 4:21).

Avodah also appears in the context of Solomon dedicating the temple. Solomon employs this word as he instructs the priests and Levites in regards to their service of leading corporate worship and praise of the one true God (2 Chronicles 8:14).

Tom Nelson, in his book Work Matters: Connecting Sunday Worship to Monday Work, summarizes this important connection between work and worship when he writes:

Whether it is making bricks, crafting fine linen, or leading others in corporate praise and worship, the Old Testament writers present a seamless understanding of work and worship. Though there are distinct nuances to avodah, a common thread of meaning emerges where work, worship, and service are inextricably linked and intricately connected. The various usages of this Hebrew word found first in Genesis 2:15 tell us that God’s original design and desire is that our work and our worship would be a seamless way of living. Properly understood, our work is to be thoughtfully woven into the integral fabric of Christian vocation, for God designed and intended our work, our vocational calling, to be an act of God-honoring worship. (p.26)

However, too often we think of worship as something we do on Sunday and work as something we do on Monday. This dichotomy is clearly not what God designed, nor is it what He desires for our lives. God designed work to have both a vertical and horizontal dimension. We work to the glory of God (vertical) and for the furtherance of His mission and the common good (horizontal).

God is at work—in our work

Building on the idea that all work is a sacred calling, the second key aspect of understanding our work is to realize that God is active in our workplaces. As Christians, we need to see that our work is not primarily about economic exchange. Nor is it not about climbing the corporate ladder. It is not even about achieving the American dream. Instead, it is about contributing to and participating in God’s mission.

In his book God at Work: Your Christian Vocation in All of Life, Gene Edward Veith Jr. discusses Martin Luther’s fascinating angle on work, stating that:

…vocation is a mask of God. That is, God hides Himself in the workplace… To speak of God being hidden is a way of describing His presence, as when a child hiding in the room is there, just not seen. To realize that the mundane activities that take up most of our lives—going to work, taking the kids to soccer practice, picking up a few things at the store, and going to church—are hiding places for God can be a revelation in itself. Most people seek God in mystical experiences, spectacular miracles, and extraordinary acts they have to do. To find Him in vocation brings Him, literally, down to earth, makes us see how close He really is to us, and transfigures everyday life. (p. 19)

In the simplest terms, Luther reminds us that God is at work—in our work. God is active in and through our places of work; we just need to find Him there.

Published June 5, 2023

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Brad Brisco

Brad Brisco directs strategies development for the North American Mission Board. He holds a doctorate in missional ecclesiology; his thesis focused on assisting existing congregations to transition in a missional direction. He also serves on the national leadership team for Forge America Mission Training Network. Brad is the co-author of “Missional Essentials,” a 12-week small group study guide, "The Missional Quest: Becoming a Church of the Long Run" and "Next Door As It Is In Heaven."